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Others Supporting Problem Statement
Potential Panel Members
EDI (Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion) and Other Indicators to Improve TAM Impact and Outcomes
Literature Search Summary
• American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO). 2021. State DOT CEOs Talk Transportation Equity at EPW Hearing. Online article published May 12, 2021. AASHTO, Washington D.C.
• Archer, D. (2021). Transportation Policy and the Underdevelopment of Black Communities, New York University School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 21-12, New York, NY.
• Colorado Senate Bill 21-260, Sustainability of the Transportation System. Signed June 17, 2021. Https://leg.colorado.gov/bills/sb21-260.
• Connect Oakland, TRB Webinar: Addressing Justice in Transportation, June 28, 2021
• ICF Incorporated, LLC. (2020). Summary of Critical Issues for Transportation and Equity. Transportation Research Board. Washington, D.C.
• Larson, S. (2021) How Chicago Could Build Equity into Transportation. Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning, Chicago, IL
• Litman, T. (2021). Evaluating Transportation Equity: Guidance for Incorporating Distributional Impacts in Transportation Panning. Victoria Transport Policy Institute, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.
• Minnesota DOT (MnDOT). (2019). Advancing Transportation Equity: Strategies for Reducing Transportation Disparities, CTS Research Brief 2019-01, St. Paul, MN.
• National Public Radio (NPR). (2021). A Brief History of How Racism Shaped Interstate Highways, NPR Online News Article published April 7, 2021
• North Front Range Metropolitan Planning Organization (NFRMPO). 2021. Environmental Justice (EJ) Plan. North Front Range Metropolitan Planning Organization, Fort Collins, CO.
• Singer, J. (2018). Inside the Nation’s First Transportation Equity Program. Vision Zero Cities Journal, Transportation Alternatives, Published Online November 13, 2018.
• Twaddell, H. and B. Zgoda. (2020). Equity Analysis in Regional Transportation Planning Processes – Volume 1: Guide. Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Research Report 214. Transportation Research Board. Washington, D.C.
• Van Dort, L. A. Guthrie, Y. Fan, G. Baas. (2019). Advancing Transportation Equity: Research and Practice – Final Report. Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.
• Van Orden, D., and C. Grauberger. (2002). Environmental Justice Report. CDOT-DTD-R-2002-7. Colorado Department of Transportation, Research Branch. Denver, CO.
The objective of this research is to produce guidance on how DOTs can improve the use of DEI and other related indicators in TAM investment decision making processes.
Tasks will include:
• Compile DEI and other related indicators for use in TAM decision-making
• Develop a framework for applying DEI and other related indicators in TAM decision-making processes, including:
o analysis activities to forecast impact
o scenario planning including identifying alternate investment options with an equity lens
o investment tradeoff decision-making
o community engagement activities including increasing the involvement of underserved communities.
• Develop additional quantitative and qualitative performance measures for asset management and planning that consider DEI and other factors in transportation investment decisions
• Produce a summary of challenges, inherent inequities, and obstacles in asset management and planning activities in order to help transportation add value to underserved communities
• Develop guidance for transportation agencies to use the DEI and other related indicators to balance competing strategic objectives related to asset performance, safety, mobility, and DEI.
Urgency and Potential Benefits
Most of the recent research related to environmental justice process have been focused on new transportation development. As state focus more of their budgets on maintaining their systems through TAM, better guidance is needed to ensure DEI and related considerations can be applied in a holistic view of investment decisions in transportation agencies.
The Biden administration and Secretary of Transportation Buttigieg stated that the administration’s priority encompasses efforts to “finally address major inequities – including those caused by highways that were built through Black and Brown communities, decades of disinvestment that left small towns and rural main streets stranded, and the disproportionate pollution burden from trucks, ports, and other facilities (AASHTO Daily Brief 03/29/21).” On May 25, 2021, the U.S. DOT published a Request for Information (ROI) on Transportation Equity Data in response to the Executive Order signed January 20, 2021, “Advancing Racial Equity and Support for Underserved Communities Through the Federal Government (Equity E.O.).” The information obtained through the ROI is intended to support the U.S. DOT’s determination of “whether, and to what extent, programs and policies perpetuate systemic barriers to opportunities and benefits for people of color and other underserved groups (Federal Register V. 86, No. 99, May 25, 2021).” The ROI specifically seeks input regarding the availability of potential data and assessment tools in the transportation sector that can support the U.S. DOT’s evaluation.
• Transportation agency chief engineers, planning directors, asset managers, and transportation performance management leads will use the research products to improve their decision impact.
• The research will provide guidance on specific application and/or calculable modifications to existing tools and methods that transportation agencies can follow to make the changes needed for research implementation.
• The AASHTO Committee on Performance-Based Planning, the AASHTO TAM Portal, TRB Standing Committee on Transportation Asset Management (AJE30), TRB Standing Committee on Performance Management (AJE20) will support the research implementation.
• TRB presentations and webinars are will be required for research implementation.
• Workshops, peer exchanges, pilot testing, verification and validation of research results are possible implementation actions.
Others Supporting Problem Statement
Potential Panel Members
Person Submitting Statement
Note: Title formerly "Socio-Economic Indicators in TAM Processes"
See: FHWA TAM Expert Task Group summary of this topic and potential R&I-sponsored research effort addressing equity
Note: Some TAM processes do include related socio-economic indicators, including NPV, ROI, IRR, FYRR and also social indicators such as population influenced, percentage of tax revenue utilized, revenue sources and the implied equity considerations (including racial and social equity). It is suggested to examine the indicators utilized in different states, and whether the socio-economic indicators are part of the decision making process.